Old India

I love scouring the web for old photos.  I found some real treasures when I stumbled across these old photos from India!  Please let me know which are your favorites and if you would like to see more of them, there are a bunch more waiting to be posted 🙂

 

All photos are from and used with permission of: http://www.oldindianphotos.in/

Women Grinding Paint - Calcutta c1845

Women Grinding Paint – Calcutta c1845

Three Hindu Ladies - c1880's

Three Hindu Ladies – c1880’s

The-Maharaja-of-Mysore-Krishnaraja-Wadiyar-IV---2nd-February-1895

The-Maharaja-of-Mysore-Krishnaraja-Wadiyar-IV—2nd-February-1895

The Birdseller, Albumen Print - 19th Century

The Birdseller, Albumen Print – 19th Century

Street and Lower Bazaar at Simla 1890's

Street and Lower Bazaar at Simla 1890’s

SINHALESE DEVIL DANCERS - Ceylon (Sri Lanka) c1890's

SINHALESE DEVIL DANCERS – Ceylon (Sri Lanka) c1890’s

Jain Temples in Palitana, Gujarat - c1880's

Jain Temples in Palitana, Gujarat – c1880’s

Maha Lawka Maya Zain Pagoda (Kuthodaw Pagoda) - Mandalay, Burma (Myanmar) c1880's

Maha Lawka Maya Zain Pagoda (Kuthodaw Pagoda) – Mandalay, Burma (Myanmar) c1880’s

Maharao Shri Khengarji III of Cutch - c1900

Maharao Shri Khengarji III of Cutch – c1900

Portrait-of-Two-Women-by-Raja-Deen-Dayal-and-Sons---Date-Unknown

Portrait-of-Two-Women-by-Raja-Deen-Dayal-and-Sons—Date-Unknown

Sein Kyaw, Burmese Dancing Girl - Burma c1900's

Sein Kyaw, Burmese Dancing Girl – Burma c1900’s

Group Photograph of House Servants - Late 19th Century

Group Photograph of House Servants – Late 19th Century

Group of men and Children at a village Near Keylong, Lahaul and Spiti District, Himachal Pradesh - c1903

Group of men and Children at a village Near Keylong, Lahaul and Spiti District, Himachal Pradesh – c1903

Gateway of the Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah - Agra, c1860's

Gateway of the Tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah – Agra, c1860’s

Double Bullock Carts - Ceylon (Sri Lanka) c1890's

Double Bullock Carts – Ceylon (Sri Lanka) c1890’s

Camel with Attendant - Jaipur, Rajasthan, c1900's

Camel with Attendant – Jaipur, Rajasthan, c1900’s

Children in North Bihar, India - May 1951

Children in North Bihar, India – May 1951

A Reclining Woman Wearing Jewellery, with a Hookah on the Left - Lucknow 1872

A Reclining Woman Wearing Jewellery, with a Hookah on the Left – Lucknow 1872

109 year old Apatani woman of slave class with nose plugs, Subansiri Frontier District, India, ca. 1954

109 year old Apatani woman of slave class with nose plugs, Subansiri Frontier District, India, ca. 1954

A Reclining Woman Wearing Jewellery, with a Hookah on the Left - Lucknow 1872

A Reclining Woman Wearing Jewellery, with a Hookah on the Left – Lucknow 1872

Aghoree,-Hindoo-Mendicant---Benares-(Varanasi)-c1860's

Aghoree,-Hindoo-Mendicant—Benares-(Varanasi)-c1860’s

Andaman Tribals Fishing - Circa 1870

Andaman Tribals Fishing – Circa 1870

 

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Americans II

Bears Belly, an Arikara indian man in a Half-length Portrait. It was taken in 1908

Bears Belly, an Arikara indian man in a Half-length Portrait. It was taken in 1908

I have said it before, but I am newly amazed every time I view these 100+ year old photographs.  These were taken exclusively by Edward Curtis in the very early 1900’s.  American Indians should simply be called Americans, they were here first and it was their land before it was ours.   I post these as a tribute to a beautiful people!  Be sure to let me know your favorite photo and feel free to comment 🙂

Zuni Medicine Man, Grinding Medicine. It was created in 1903

Zuni Medicine Man, Grinding Medicine. It was created in 1903

Zuni Brave. It was made in 1903

Zuni Brave. It was made in 1903

Zuni Bead Worker Drilling Holes. It was created in 1903

Zuni Bead Worker Drilling Holes. It was created in 1903

White Shield, an Indian Chief. It was made in 1908

White Shield, an Indian Chief. It was made in 1908

Swallow Bird, a handsome Crow Indian in Montana. It was taken in 1908

Swallow Bird, a handsome Crow Indian in Montana. It was taken in 1908

Navaho Chief. It was made in 1904

Navaho Chief. It was made in 1904

Nova, a Walapai Man. It was taken in 1906

Nova, a Walapai Man. It was taken in 1906

Pimas Indian School Girl. It was created in 1907

Pimas Indian School Girl. It was created in 1907

Raven Blanket. It was made in 1910

Raven Blanket. It was made in 1910

Slow Bull Praying to the Great Spirit. It was created in 1907

Slow Bull Praying to the Great Spirit. It was created in 1907

Mizheh Babe, and Indian Mother. It was made in 1906

Mizheh Babe, and Indian Mother. It was made in 1906

Maricopa Water Girl. It was made in 1907

Maricopa Water Girl. It was made in 1907

Maricopa Water Girl. It was made in 1906

Maricopa Water Girl. It was made in 1906

Maricopa Indian Child. It was taken in 1907

Maricopa Indian Child. It was taken in 1907

Klamath Indian Head-dress. It was created in 1923

Klamath Indian Head-dress. It was created in 1923

Apache Papoose. It was made in 1903

Apache Papoose. It was made in 1903

Bears Belly, an Arikara indian man in a Half-length Portrait. It was taken in 1908

Bears Belly, an Arikara indian man in a Half-length Portrait. It was taken in 1908

Crow Warriors On Horseback. It was taken in 1908

Crow Warriors On Horseback. It was taken in 1908

Honovi-Walpi, a Hopi Snake Priest, with Totkya. It was made in 1910

Honovi-Walpi, a Hopi Snake Priest, with Totkya. It was made in 1910

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Comanche, Only US Army Survivor From Little Big Horn Battle

You are looking at an artistic picture of "Comanche," the only survivor of the Custer Massacre, 1876. History of the horse and regimental orders of the 7th Cavalry as to the care of "Comanche" as long as he shall live. It was created in 1887

You are looking at an artistic picture of “Comanche,” the only survivor of the Custer Massacre, 1876. History of the horse and regimental orders of the 7th Cavalry as to the care of “Comanche” as long as he shall live. It was created in 1887

COMANCHE

American Icon

It is the afternoon of 27 June 1876, on the Little Bighorn River  in southeastern Montana.  Members of the besieged group of soldiers from the  Reno Hill entrenchment sadly explore the scene of “sickening, ghastly horror” on Custer Hill.  They now know the answer to the question that so many had repeatedly asked two days before…”Where’s Custer?”

As they walked among the bloating, decaying bodies of their fallen comrades, all was still.  As the cavalrymen bowed their heads in silent prayer before beginning the odious task of burying the dead, the silence was abruptly broken by the faint whinny of a horse.  As the men looked up and searched the broken terrain with weary, tearful eyes, down by the river a horse was struggling to get to its feet.    Several of the men recognized the horse because of its peculiar buckskin-like color.  It was Comanche, the favorite mount of Capt. Myles Keogh, who had

Myles Keogh

Myles Keogh (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

valiantly rallied the men of “I” Company right up to the end, when they were overwhelmed by the charge of warriors under Crazy Horse and Gall.  The horse was on its haunches, seemingly too weak to move any further.  He had apparently sustained at least seven wounds, and his coat was matted with dried blood and soil.  CPT Nowlan ordered the men to get water for the horse from the river.  Several other troopers coaxed the horse onto its feet and led it away.  The farrier field dressed the wounds.  Comanche marched with the command to the junction of the Little Bighorn and Bighorn Rivers, and was loaded aboard the steamer “Far West” with the battle casualties, heading home to Fort Lincoln.  Comanche never again was to charge to the sound of the bugle. For the next 15 years he served as the spirit of the Seventh Cavalry supporting them throughout the remainder of the Indian Wars.  Symbolically, he died in 1891, soon after The Wounded Knee Conflict, established to be the end of major hostilities between the Native Americans and the military.  TAPS, for an old soldier who served his country  well, in so many ways.

A fully recovered Comanche at Fort Lincoln after the Battle

Comanche is now remembered as the only surviving member of LTC George A. Custer‘s immediate command at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

He has always been a symbol of the role of the U.S. Cavalry in the taming of the great plains during the era of  western expansion. When he died in 1891 his remains were preserved for eternity. Comanche now resides in the Dyche Natural History Museum on the campus of the University of Kansas at Lawrence. He resides in a specially designed humidity-controlled glass enclosure. 

Comanche joined the 7th Cavalry on April 3, 1868. He had been captured somewhere on the southern plains and brought, along with other horses, to a remount station in St. Louis, Missouri.  There, he was purchased by the Army for the existing rate of $90.  Comanche had his initial breaking-in at the remount station and then was shipped with a group of other horses to Fort Leavenworth. There, Comanche had his introduction to the 7th Cavalry when he was chosen to be among the 41 horses that LT Tom Custer (brother of the General) selected to be loaded on a train bound for Ellis Station, where the 7th was encamped. He arrived at the encampment on May 19, 1868, a little over one month after joining the army.  It was here that Comanche caught the eye of Capt Keogh, who was looking for a replacement for a horse that had been shot from under him in a skirmish with Indians.  After eyeing the new “recruits” for several minutes, something must have made Comanche stand out as having the potential to be a good cavalry mount.  Surely officers had first choice in selecting a horse for their use, and Keogh quickly ordered Comanche to be his mount.  Keogh may have purchased Comanche from the army. Be that as it may, they were inseparable until that fateful day in June, 1876.

Photograph taken in 1879 during U.S. Army re-b...

Photograph taken in 1879 during U.S. Army re-burial visit to the Custer battlefield. The expedition was led by Captain George K. Sanderson, seen here in the foreground looking at the recently erected monument to Myles Keogh and the fallen members of Company I, 7th US Cavalry. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There is some controversy as to how Comanche got his name. The most widely accepted story is that on September 13, 1868 Capt Keogh was involved in a skirmish with a band of Comanche Indians. During the fight the horse was wounded by an arrow in the right hind quarter. The arrow was later removed, and the wound healed. After the battle, a trooper who witnessed the incident claimed that when the arrow struck, the horse “yelled just like a Comanche” If this were true, then Comanche would have been in Keogh’s possession for over four months without having been assigned a name.  This seems to be an unlikely scenario, as just with a newborn infant, a name or method of identifying the child is quickly established.  Another story might explain the naming delay.  So it goes, Keogh was on a scouting mission near Fort Larned, Kansas.  During a skirmish with the Comanches, Keogh’s horse was killed.  Supposedly his Lt. dismounted one of the enlisted men and turned the mount over to Keogh, who kept the horse from that point on. The horse was then named Comanche, and became Keogh’s favorite mount from that point on. It is stated that at that time, with the exception of the officers’ horses, it was not customary to give names to cavalry horses.
What did Comanche look like? As one inspects the old photos of Comanche, he appears to be dark in color, typical of the bay mounts used by the cavalry.  This aberration of his true color, variously described as “claybank,” “light bay” or  “buckskin dun” is probably a function of the level of sophistication of frontier photography. On July 25, 1887, 2LT James D. Thomas, Acting Adjutant of 7th Cavalry at Ft. Meade, Dakota Territory, certified a description of Comanche prior to transferring his care to CPT Henry J. Nowlan, 7th Cavalry:Name: Comanche
Age: 6 years(25 years at time of transfer)
Height: 15 hands
Weight: 925 pounds
Color: Buckskin
Condition: Unserviceable
Date of Purchase: April 3, 1868
By Whom: (left blank)
Cost: $90.00
Purchased: St. Louis, Missouri
Remarks: excused from all duties per G.O. No. 7 April 10, 1878. Ridden by CPT Keogh in Battle of Little Bighorn River, M.T. June 25, 1876
Comanche and Keogh served with “I” Company and Keogh for the remainder of his active career. However, due to deployments of “I” Company away from the main regiment and leaves of absence taken by Keogh, Comanche missed the major battles engaged in by the unit. At the time of the summer, 1867 campaign that included the Kidder Massacre, Keogh was commanding officer at Fort Wallace. During the Washita campaign, Keogh was on GEN Sully’s staff, assigned to Fort Harker. At the time of the 1873 Yellowstone Expedition, Keogh was serving on detached duty with the International Boundary Commission at Fort Totten, Minnesota, near Canada. Keogh was on leave, visiting his home land, and therefore was not a part of the 1874 Black Hills expedition. The latter proved to be more of a pleasure trip, since no significant engagement with Indians was made.
It took almost a year for Comanche to recover from his wounds. His care was always under the watchful eye of Gustave Korn, the farrier, assigned to him by CPT Nowlan. Comanche quickly became the mascot of the 7th at Ft. Lincoln, and legend has it that the daughter of the commander (COL Sturgis), convinced CPT Nowlan to let her ride Comanche about the post. Then one day the daughter of another officer requested and was granted permission to ride Comanche, and when Sturgis’s daughter became aware of this she became so enraged that her special status had been breached that she caused a lot of trouble around the Sturgis household. This, more than anything else probably led to COL Sturgis issuing G.O.[General Orders] No. 7. In part, this stated that “…a special and comfortable stall is fitted up for him, and he will not be ridden by any person whatsoever under any circumstances, nor will he be put to any kind of work.” Comanche could be used in parades, draped in mourning and led by a mounted trooper of Troop I.
Comanche at Fort Riley, Kansas

Comanche at Fort Riley, Kansas

From that point on, Comanche led a free and peaceful life. he was allowed the freedom of the Post, the only living thing that wandered at will over the parade grounds at the fort without a reprimand from a commanding officer.  When the bugle sounded “formation,” Comanche would trot out to his place in front of the line of Troop I. He would be given sugar cubes on demand at the door of the officers’ quarters and then saunter on down to the enlisted men’s canteen where a specially placed bucket of beer awaited him.  Gustave Korn and Comanche became inseparable.  Comanche would follow Korn everywhere. When the unit returned to Ft. Riley, Kansas, it is stated that Korn was visiting a lady friend in the nearby town of Junction City.  When Korn did not return to the base to feed and groom Comanche for the evening, that the horse looked all over the base for Korn, finally going directly to the house of the girlfriend to escort Korn back to the Post. When Korn was killed at Wounded Knee in 1890, Comanche’s health began to slowly deteriorate. He died on November 7, 1891.

Comanche preserved forever at the University of Kansas

The officers and men of the 7th Cavalry were heartbroken. One of them suggested that Comanche be preserved forever by being mounted and kept with the unit.  A famous professor at the University of Kansas Museum of Natural History was summoned to the Fort. He agreed to preserve Comanche for $400 and the right to display the horse at the upcoming Exposition in Chicago in 1893. Later, when for reasons still not clear, the bill was not paid and Dyche agreed to keep Comanche in lieu of payment. Comanche still stands there today for all to see – the “sole survivor of Custer’s command at the Little Bighorn.

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Americans

Wishham Indian Bride. It was taken in 1910

Wishham Indian Bride. It was taken in 1910

Before My people were considered Americans.  The Indians were here.  I am fascinated with these photos.  I wander what daily life was like, if only photos could talk!

 

Watching For Salmon. It was made in 1923

Watching For Salmon. It was made in 1923

Two Zuni Indian Girls. It was made in 1903

Two Zuni Indian Girls. It was made in 1903

Touch Her Dress. It was made in 1910

Touch Her Dress. It was made in 1910

Sund Dance Ritual Indian Ceremony in which a man is suspended by leather straps attached to sticks in his chest. It was created in 1908

Sund Dance Ritual Indian Ceremony in which a man is suspended by leather straps attached to sticks in his chest. It was created in 1908

Tipis at the Waters Edge. It was made in 1910

Tipis at the Waters Edge. It was made in 1910

Jicarilla Cowboy. It was created in 1905

Jicarilla Cowboy. It was created in 1905

Klamath Indian Warrior. It was made in 1923

Klamath Indian Warrior. It was made in 1923

Kato Woman. It was made in 1924

Kato Woman. It was made in 1924

Ndee Sangochonh, an Apache man. It was created in 1906

Ndee Sangochonh, an Apache man. It was created in 1906

One Blue Bead, an Old Indian Warrior. It was created in 1908

One Blue Bead, an Old Indian Warrior. It was created in 1908

Sioux Indian Maiden. It was made in 1908

Sioux Indian Maiden. It was made in 1908

Indian Mother holding her Child. It was taken in 1908

Indian Mother holding her Child. It was taken in 1908

Hollow Horn Bear, an Indian Brave. It was created in 1907

Hollow Horn Bear, an Indian Brave. It was created in 1907

Hupa Indian Woman. It was taken in 1923

Hupa Indian Woman. It was taken in 1923

Eskimo Family Group. It was taken in 1929

Eskimo Family Group. It was taken in 1929

Cheyenne Indian Warrior. It was taken in 1927

Cheyenne Indian Warrior. It was taken in 1927

Big Mouth Spring, an Indian wearing a scalp on his jacket. It was made in 1910

Big Mouth Spring, an Indian wearing a scalp on his jacket. It was made in 1910

A More Spartan Life…..

Unidentified Farmhouse. It was taken between 1909 and 1923

Unidentified Farmhouse. It was taken between 1909 and 1923

The world we live in is so busy, sometimes I feel like there is no time to do any actual living.  My mind always takes me to an image of what i think life should be like.  These people all worked hard and they worked from sun up to sun down and then some.  They worked with their hands and their backs and their legs, using their minds at every turn.    Life was no breeze but it was not so busy and so utterly distracting!  Families worked together, day in and day out.  Life was probably more about survival and “getting by” than about wealth accumulation.

Woman Milking Cow. Another woman is feeding chickens. It was made in 1919

Woman Milking Cow. Another woman is feeding chickens. It was made in 1919

Walter Johnson. It was made 1938 March 13

Walter Johnson. It was made 1938 March 13

Sam Rice. It was taken in 1938 by Harris & Ewing.

Sam Rice. It was taken in 1938 by Harris & Ewing.

Boy Scouts Husking Corn. It was taken in 1917

Boy Scouts Husking Corn. It was taken in 1917

Chopping Wood. It was taken 1938 March 13

Chopping Wood. It was taken 1938 March 13

Mr. Johnson holding stalks of timothy. It was taken in 1916

Mr. Johnson holding stalks of timothy. It was taken in 1916

National Emergency War Gardens Com. Farmerettes. Women were encouraged to produce food for World War I. 1919

National Emergency War Gardens Com. Farmerettes. Women were encouraged to produce  for World War I. 1919

Girls Eating. It was created in 1919

Girls Eating. It was created in 1919

I just could not imagine how wonderful it would be to work with my children and my wife, all of us doing different tasks but with one common goal.  The way of life I envision is all but gone, there are still a few of us out there but not many!  I see a small family farm, self sustaining without the mind numbing hustle bustle of “the world” to drive wedges and cause discension in families!

Apache Woman Reaping and Gathering Wheat. It was made in 1906

Apache Woman Reaping and Gathering Wheat. It was made in 1906

Weighing Turkey at Dept. of Agric. Exp. Farm, Beltsville. It was taken 1937 or 1938

Weighing Turkey at Dept. of Agric. Exp. Farm, Beltsville. It was taken 1937 or 1938

Two men and a boy with a large pile of corn. It was made in between 1909 and 1932.

Two men and a boy with a large pile of corn. It was made in between 1909 and 1932.

Pomo Indian Woman Gathering Seeds. It was created in 1924

Pomo Indian Woman Gathering Seeds. It was created in 1924

Navajo Cornfields Cantildeon Del Muerto. It was made in 1906

Navajo Cornfields Cantildeon Del Muerto. It was made in 1906

Man Raising Chickens. It was created in 1938

Man Raising Chickens. It was created in 1938

Man Milking a Cow. It was made 1938

Man Milking a Cow. It was made 1938

Farmer Playing with Children. It was created 1938

Farmer Playing with Children. It was created 1938

1919  Eckles, Virginia. in Dutch Dairy-maid Costume

1919 Eckles, Virginia. in Dutch Dairy-maid Costume

At any rate, I wanted to share some awesome old photos of some of the hardest working people in history, please enjoy and leave a comment if you have the time 🙂

Geronimo

Geronimo was not just what you say before jumping out of a tree, or sledding down a hill which was larger than felt safe. Geronimo was actually one of the most feared Indian War Chiefs ever! After The Mexican Army killed his mother, wife and children, he became a leader in the Indian Wars and fought against both the American and Mexican armies.

Geronimo (Mescalero-Chiricahua: “one who yawns”; (June 1829 – February 17, 1909) was a prominent leader of the Bedonkohe Apache who fought against Mexico and the United States for their expansion into Apache tribal lands for several decades during the Apache Wars. “Geronimo” was the name given to him during a battle with Mexican soldiers. His Chiricahua name is often rendered as Goyathlay or Goyahkla

After an attack by Mexican soldiers killed his mother, wife and three children in 1851, Geronimo joined revenge attacks on the Mexicans. During his career as a war chief, he was notorious for consistently leading raids upon Mexican provinces and towns, and later against American locations across Arizona, New Mexico and western Texas.

In 1886 Geronimo surrendered to U.S. authorities after a lengthy pursuit. As a prisoner of war in old age he became a celebrity and appeared in fairsbut was never allowed to return to the land of his birth. He later regretted his surrender and claimed the conditions he made had been ignored. Geronimo died in 1909 from complications of pneumonia at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Geronimo%2C_as_US_prisoner.jpg

File:Geronimo Apache cheif and his two nieces.jpg